Alcohol shortens the time it takes to fall asleep, a review of all known scientific studies on the impact of drinking on nocturnal sleep has revealed.

Sleep is supported by natural cycles of activity in the brain and consists of two basic states: rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep.

Typically, people begin the sleep cycle with NREM sleep followed by a very short period of REM sleep, then continue with more NREM sleep and more REM sleep, this 90 minute cycle continuing through the night.
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